Lion Manes Myths and Real Use

One of the highlights of visiting my favorite tourist destination in Kenya – Masai Mara is encountering the magnificent lion, with its majestic mane. It took me some time to witness this awe-inspiring sight, but once I did, I was captivated by their sheer beauty and strength. However, it begs the question: what is the purpose behind a lion’s impressive mane?

The lion’s mane has long been perceived as a protective shield during male-to-male combat. However, studies conducted by the Serengeti lion project using life-size “dummy” lions have revealed that lion attacks are predominantly aimed at the back and hips. Rather than serving as a physical defense, the size and coloration of a male lion’s mane function as signals of fitness, akin to the impressive tail of a peacock. These experiments further demonstrated that females exhibit a preference for males with darker manes, which also come at a cost in terms of elevated body temperatures. Consequently, only the most robust males are capable of growing the most attractive manes. Additionally, the length and darkness of a lion’s mane provide valuable information to other males regarding their fighting prowess.

The mane of a lion is an interesting feature that distinguishes them from other cats, such as leopards and cheetahs. A lion’s mane serves the dual purpose of protecting their neck during fights as well as providing camouflage in tall grasses while hunting. It also can be used to signal dominance or attract mates for reproduction purposes.

The lion’s mane is a remarkable example of natural selection in action. By providing an advantage for males in combat and mate choice, it has been preserved over thousands of years through the evolutionary process. It’s no wonder that lions have become the symbol of strength and power throughout much of human history. From ancient Egypt to modern-day Africa, the lion has been a source of admiration and awe.

The mane of a lion is truly an extraordinary evolutionary adaptation that helps lions stand out from other big cats. Its magnificence captivates us all, and it’s no wonder that generations have marveled at its beauty! Whether you’re lucky enough to see it in person or merely on television, the mane of a lion is an extraordinary sight that will remain in your memory for years to come.

We can also draw inspiration from the lion’s mane and use it as a symbol of strength and courage. When facing challenges in life, we can take comfort in knowing that lions have overcome many obstacles throughout their evolutionary history

What studies say about use of lion mane:

Sign of maturity;

As male lions reach sexual maturity, they undergo a remarkable transformation. They develop thick, majestic manes that adorn their head, neck, and underbelly. This striking change is attributed to the hormone testosterone, which plays a crucial role in this process. Interestingly, neutered males often lose their manes entirely, highlighting the direct influence of hormones on their physical appearance. Fascinatingly, scientific studies have revealed that females are particularly drawn to males with larger and darker manes, suggesting that these impressive attributes serve as a visual indicator of their sexual fitness.

Myths about Lion Mane:

To assist when fighting;

Centuries ago, Charles Darwin proposed that the lion’s majestic mane served as a protective shield for its neck during battles with rival males. However, as time passed, observations revealed that lions seldom targeted the neck region in combat, instead opting to attack from the rear. Thus, it became apparent that the purpose of the mane does not lie in safeguarding the lion’s neck.

To intimidate opponents;

The impressive size of a lion’s mane may give the impression that it serves to intimidate and scare off potential rivals. On the contrary, studies suggest that female lions appear to be drawn more toward males with larger and darker manes, suggesting that these traits are actually desirable rather than intimidating. Further experiments conducted by the Serengeti Lion project have also determined that the mane of a male lion may act as an honest signal of his fighting prowess and overall health.

To regulate temperature;

Another myth regarding lion mane is that it helps them stay cool but that’s not true. In the scorching heat of the lion’s territory, the lush mane fails to provide any respite from the heat. Instead, it inadvertently invites pesky insects. What’s more, darker manes exacerbate the rise in body temperature. Therefore, the lion’s majestic mane does not serve as a natural fan in warm climates.

They help lions blend in;

The majestic mane of lions does not aid in their camouflage. On the contrary, it makes them conspicuously stand out amidst the grass, like a sore thumb. Even in their natural habitat, it fails to blend harmoniously with their surroundings. Thus, this theory can be confidently discarded.


The presence of a mane on a lion is a symbol of maturity, as it takes time to grow. This characteristic is a testament to the lion’s strong genetic makeup. Throughout history, female lions have associated a thick and luscious mane with a virile and caring father figure for their cubs. Consequently, a lion’s mane serves as a prominent sexual feature. A study conducted by the Serengeti Lion Project provides empirical evidence for this notion. Using artificial lions, researchers discovered that female lions exhibit a preference for males with darker and thicker manes. Essentially, a darker and thicker mane signals good health and vitality to the females.